Northern KZN
What is heartwater?
09:57 (GMT+2), Thu , 07 April 2016
Northern KZN
Vets examine cattle that died on Ladysmith farm

Heartwater (also called cowdriosis) is a tick-borne disease that can easily kill large numbers of animals. In areas in South Africa where the disease is endemic (sure to occur), deaths from heartwater are three times greater than the combined deaths from babesiosis (a malaria-like disease) and anaplasmosis (another tick-borne disease).
Causes
The disease is caused by a blood parasite carried by the bont tick.
This tick is about the size of the nail on your small finger and is found mainly in the frost-free, drier parts of the country - and this is where heartwater occurs.
Signs
Sick animals may have a fever of 40°C or higher.
You may also notice strange behaviour, such as twisting the head towards the body. Other symptoms include a high-stepping walk, convulsions or very hard kicking.
Animals that die from heartwater often have foam and fluid coming out of the nose. If you open the carcass, you’ll find fluid in the belly, chest and sac surrounding the heart (hence the name of the disease). The lungs will also be swollen with foam and there’ll be fluid in the windpipe.
Treatment
 Speed is all-important. When you notice signs of the disease, it’s critical to treat it immediately with an oxytetracycline product, a long-acting antibiotic that kills the heartwater bacteria. Don’t forget to read the instructions carefully for the correct dosage and treatment method.
Control
 Prevention is always better than cure. And in the case of heartwater, you can stop it striking your animals in the first place. In endemic areas, the disease can usually be controlled by vaccinating the animals, and thereafter only treating for ticks when they become a nuisance. No matter where you farm, though, it’s a good idea to consult your vet about the best way to control the disease in your area.

Source Farmers Weekly



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